Monday, March 15, 2010

Fringe Hazel

Loropetalum chinense

A bushy, dome-shape, evergreen, small tree native to the Himalayas, China & Japan that can reach up to 17 x 17 feet in 10 years and eventually to 33 x 30 feet with a trunk diameter of 2.5 feet. The Fringe Hazel is moderate growing up to 2.5 feet per year with the fastest recorded rates being 6 feet in 2 years from 1 gallon & 14 x 11 feet in 5 years. The largest known tree in the U.S. so far is 30 feet at Aiken, South Carolina. It can be pruned and limbed up to develop an extremely attractive vase shaped upright tree. The Fringe Hazel has a horizontal branching habit and can be trained as an espalier and bonsai.
The leathery, oval leaves, up to 3 x 1 inches in size, are deep green.
Its white slightly fragrant flowers are borne February to March and resembles the Witch Hazel. The bloom season lasts up to 3 weeks.
The flowers are followed by woody capsules.
The bark is grayish-brown.
Not prone to pests or diseases. It is very easy to grow but does prefer a moist, acid, light, fertile, well drained soil in sun to partial shade. Can tolerate full shade and is also very drought tolerant. It can be pruned to shape after blooming. It blooms on second year wood so pruning over fall and winter will sacrifice bloom.
It can be sheared as a hedge however I personally think that would be just plain ugly and would not recommend it. Some plants are much better left to their natural graceful habit rather than as squares and boxes.
Fertilize in early spring. Hardy zones 7 to 9 in full sun to partial shade on moist, acidic, well drained soil that is high in organic matter. It can grow as far north as southeast Pennsylvania but may freeze back to ground and behave more like a perennial at temperatures below 0 F. Loropetalum is sensitive to certain herbicides especially nutsedge killer.
Propagation is from cuttings taken in summer. Softwood and semi-hardwood cuttings taken during summer root easily under mist, 1000 to 3000 ppm IBA in 4 to 6 weeks.

* photo of unknown internet source

* photo taken on Nov 19 2016 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD

* photos taken on May 27 2017 @ Meadowlark Botanical Gardens, Vienna, VA


Cultivars
* photos taken on April 11 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC



* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photos taken @ U.S. Botanical Garden, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014

* photos taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014

* photos taken on Apr 25 2016 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Blush'
Very fast and very dense growing, reaching up to 8 x 8 feet in only 3 years; 13 x 13 feet in 15 years, with an eventual maximum size of 15 x 15 feet.
The thick, rounded leaves are up to 2.5 x 1 inches in size. The foliage is rose-red during spring turning to deep olive-green during summer.
The intense purple-pink flowers appear abundantly during mid-spring, it often continues to bloom lightly for the remainder of the growing season. The flowers are borne 5 to 10 per cluster.
Another cultivar called 'Razzleberri' is basically the same thing.

* photos taken on May 7 2014 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD

* photo taken on Jul 12 2015 in Columbia, MD


'Bicolor'
An upright, large shrub with foliage that is reddish-bronze, turning to olive green. The flowers are white ( with pink striping on the petals ).

'Burgundy'
Very fast growing to 5 feet in the 2nd season and eventually 15 x 15 feet as a large arching shrub or possibly over 20 feet if trained as a tree.
The leaves are up to 2.3 x 1 inch in size. The foliage is red-purple during spring sometimes fading to deep purple green during summer. The leaves then turn to red & orange in late fall.
The deep pink flowers are borne 4 to 7 per cluster during spring. A heavy bloomer that can repeat bloom during the fall.

* photo of unknown internet source




'Crimson Fire'
Reaching only 2 x 3 feet, it is very similar to 'Purple Pixie' but is more cold hardy. The foliage is intense deep red throughout the year, contrasting with intense hot pink flowers.

'Daruma'
A moderate to fast growing, bushy, compact, rounded shrub, reaching a maximum size of 6.5 x 6.5 ( rarely over 3 x 5 ) feet. Some records include: 6 years - 5 feet.
The foliage is deep burgundy-red.
The pink flowers are borne abundantly during early spring, repeating sporadically until autumn frost.

* photos taken on Oct 1 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Emerald Snow'
Moderate growing, dense and dwarf in habit, reaching up to 2 feet in 2 years, with an eventual maximum size of 4 x 5 feet.
The foliage is orange-red at first during spring, turning to lush glossy deep green.
The pure white flowers, appear during spring, often repeating during autumn.

* photo taken on Sep 15 2011 in Columbia, MD


'Ever Red'
Dwarf and dense growing, to 6 x 6 feet in 4 years, eventually to 10 x 10 feet if not pruned.
The foliage is very deep, burgundy-red.
The abundant flowers are intense medium-red.
Resistant to mildew.

* photos taken July 4 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.


* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photo taken on Jul 12 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Oct 13 2015 in Howard Co., MD

* photo taken on Aug 1 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Aug 15 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Oct 6 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Nov 28 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Apr 12 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Aug 8 2017 in Columbia, MD


'Firedance'
A compact but eventually large shrub, up to 10 x 10 feet or more. Foliage is rich burgundy-red in spring turning to deep green later in summer however with new growth continuing to be intense purple-red. Flowers are intense deep pink. This is one of the fastest growing and largest cultivars maturing to an arching vase shape tree form.

'Little Rose Dawn'
Not little at all, it reaches up to 8 x 15 feet in 10 years, with an eventual maximum size of 10 x 15 feet. It is similar to 'Ruby' but more dense and rounded.
The foliage is deep reddish-purple.
The abundant flowers are intense medium-pink.
It is mildew resistant.

* photos taken on May 8 2011 in Bel Air, MD






'Plum Delight'
Also called 'Pizazz'. Fast growing, reaching up to 14 x 10.5 feet in 5 years, eventually up to 20 x 20 feet or more.
The foliage is intense reddish-purple though it can fade to deep bronze-green in summer under some conditions.
The bright pinkish-purple flowers appear abundantly during early spring then sporadically into late summer.

* excellent video found on Youtube


'Purple Diamond'
A small, rounded, fast growing shrub to 6 x 6 feet that looks almost like a Crimson Pygmy Barberry from a distance.
The foliage remains glossy, rich red-purple all season long.
The attractive spring flowers are pink.

* photo taken on May 4 2017 in Burtonsville, MD

* excellent video found on Youtube


'Purple Majesty'
Graceful & arching to 8 x 8 feet with brilliant purple foliage that keeps its color and pink blooms in spring that continue sporadically throughout the growing season.

'Purple Pixie'
Fast growing but dwarf and weeping to 2 x 5 feet with intense purple foliage and pink spring flowers.
Can be used as groundcover or in patio planters where it trails over the sides.

* excellent video found on Youtube


'Razzleberry'
Moderate growing, reaching up to 6 x 5 feet in 10 years, eventually to 10 x 10 feet.
The deep red foliage turns to deep olive-green.
The raspberry-red flowers are abundant during early spring, sporadic during remainder of year.
Hardy zones 7 to 9.

* photos taken on May 4 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Aug 28 2017 in Odenton, MD

* excellent video found on Youtube


'Ruby'
A moderate growing, compact, rounded shrub, reaching to 6 x 5 foot in 5 years, 15 feet in 10 years, eventually up to 20 x 20 feet if not pruned.
The foliage is ruby-red.
The semi-double, intense pink flowers appear abundantly for up to 4 weeks during early spring, then sporadically blooming again during late summer.

* photo taken on Sep 7 2011 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on April 9 2012 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on April 27 2012 in Columbia, MD
* photo taken on May 17 2012 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Nov 22 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Oct 24 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Sep 20 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on May 27 2017 @ Meadowlark Botanical Gardens, Vienna, VA

* photo taken on Jul 9 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Aug 13 2017 in Columbia, MD


'Sizzling Pink'
A horizontally-branched, wide-spreading shrub, reaching up to 6 x 8 feet in 6 years, 13 x 15 feet in 10 years, eventually slightly more.
The foliage is intense red-purple though it can fade to deep green during summer under less than ideal conditions.
The intense mid-pink flowers appear abundantly during mid-spring then sporadically throughout summer into fall .
Hardy zones 7 to 9 ( reported to tolerate -6 F ).

* photo taken on May 25 2012 in Ellicott City, MD

* photos taken on Sep 22 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Aug 5 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Nov 14 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Aug 21 2017 in Columbia, MD


'Snow Dance'
Compact in habit, reaching up to 10 x 10 ( easily sheared smaller ) feet, with small, deep green foliage and abundant white flowers. Some records include: 5 years - 8 x 8 feet.

'Snow Muffin'
A showy groundcover shrub, reaching up to 4 x 6 ( rarely over 2 ) feet in 10 years. Can be used for contrast with 'Purple Pixie'.
The thick, large leaves are glossy, deep green.
The abundant flowers are pure white.

'Suzanne'
A fast growing, dense, large shrub, reaching up to 18 x 18 feet in 14 years if not pruned.
The foliage is rich, deep reddish-purple.
The flowers are intense mid-pink.

* photos taken on June 1 2010 in Columbia, MD



* photos taken on Sep 2 2010 in Columbia, MD



* photo taken on Apr 4 2012 in Columbia, MD


'Zhuzhou'
The fastest growing and most upright of all the cultivars, often becoming a small tree, reaching a maximum size of 25 x 15 feet. Some records include: fastest growth rate - 4 feet; 4 years - 9 feet. It makes an excellent screen.
The large leaves, up to 2.3 inches in length, are blackish-red.
The deep pink flowers appear abundantly during spring, sporadically during autumn.
This is the most cold hardy of the Fringe Hazel's and can tolerate as low as -10 F.







* photos taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photos taken on May 7 2014 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD

* photo taken @ U.S. Botanical Garden, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014


Loropetalum lanceum
A tree to 43 feet tall with lance to ovate leaves to 3.3 x 1.5 inches and white flowers. Native to evergreen mountain forests in S Guangxi & Guizhou, China

Loropetalum subcordatum
A tree to 40 feet tall with ovate to elliptic foliage to 5 x 2 inches in size. Native to Guangdong, SW Guangxi, Guizhou in China. Endangered in the wild however it should be tested in the U.S. for landscape purposed.

No comments:

Post a Comment